Exercise 3: Principle Of Design: Rhythm, Repetition And Movement

  • what is rhythm

Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat. A pattern has rhythm, but not all rhythm is patterned. For example, the colors of a piece can convey rhythm, by making your eyes travel from one component to another. Lines can produce rhythm by implying movement. Forms, too, can cause rhythm by the ways in which they’re placed one next to the other.


  • What is repetition

Repetition refers to one object or shape repeated; pattern is a combination of elements or shapes repeated in a recurring and regular arrangement.

  • What is movement

Is the path the viewer’s eye takes through the artwork, often to a focal area. It can be directed along lines, edges, shapes and color. Movement is closely tied to rhythm.

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  • What is balance

Balance is the concept of visual equilibrium, and relates to our physical sense of balance. It is a reconciliation of opposing forces in a composition that results in visual stability. Most successful compositions achieve balance in one of two ways: symmetrically or asymmetrically. Balance in a three dimensional object is easy to understand; if balance isn’t achieved, the object tips over. To understand balance in a two dimensional composition, we must use our imaginations to carry this three dimensional analogy forward to the flat surface.

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  • What is proportion

Proportion refers to the relative size and scale of the various elements in a design. The issue is the relationship between objects, or parts, of a whole. This means that it is necessary to discuss proportion in terms of the context or standard used to determine proportions.

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  • What is variety

Variety is a principle of design that refers to a way of combining visual elements to achieve intricate and complex relationships. It is a technique used by artists who wish to increase the visual interest of their work. Artwork that makes use of many different hues, values, lines, textures, and shapes reflects variety. Keeping the same size while changing the color can also show variety.


source : https://605.wikispaces.com/Variety

  • What is emphasis

Emphasis is defined as an area or object within the artwork that draws attention and becomes a focal point.

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source : https://www.sophia.org/tutorials/design-in-art-emphasis-variety-and-unity

  • What is harmony

Harmony in art and design is the visually satisfying effect of combining similar, related elements. For instance: adjacent colors on the color wheel, similar shapes etc.


  • What is unity

unity occurs when all of the elements of a piece combine to make a balanced, harmonious, complete whole. Unity is another of those hard-to-describe art terms but, when it’s present, your eye and brain are pleased to see it.

Image result for definition unity in art

source : https://www.thoughtco.com/unity-definition-in-art-182473


Exercise 1 – Element of Art: Line and Color


Art defined by a point moving in space. Line may be two-or three-dimensional,
descriptive, implied, or abstract. Line is a path create by a moving point.Line
also is a mark made upon a surface. It is a dot that takes a walk. Line is
divided into several types, that are straight,swirly, jogged dotted, dashed,
broken, thick, thin, zig-zag, diagonal, vertical,harizontal, curved, bold,
parallel and perpendicular.

source : http://www.oberlin.edu/amam/asia/sculpture/documents/vocabulary.pdf


( color wheel, Primary, secondary & tertiary color, Monochromatic color, Neutral color)

  • Color is the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.There are three properties to color. First is hue, which simply means the name we give to a color (red, yellow, blue, etc.). The second property is intensity, which refers to the strength and vividness of the color. For example, we may describe the color blue as “royal” (bright, rich, vibrant) or “dull” (grayed). The third and final property of color is its value, meaning its lightness or darkness. The terms shade and tint are in reference to value changes in colors.color

    color wheel

  • A color wheel (also referred to as a color circle) is a visual representation of colors arranged according to their chromatic relationship. Begin a color wheel by positioning primary hues equidistant from one another, then create a bridge between primaries using secondary and tertiary colors.


  • Primary, secondary & tertiary color

    (PRIMARY COLORS) –  Colors at their basic essence; those colors that cannot be created by mixing others.

(PRIMARY COLORS) – Colors at their basic essence; those colors that cannot be created       by mixing others.


(TERTIARY COLORS) –  Those colors achieved by a mixture of primary and secondary          hues.


  • Monochromatic color

Monochromatic color schemes are derived from a single base hue and extended using its shades, tones and tints. Tints are achieved by adding white and shades and tones are achieved by adding a darker color, grey or black.

– Neutral color

In color theory, a color that is neither warm nor cool. Neutral colors result from the combination of two complementary colors (e.g., red and green, blue and orange, and yellow and purple). Neutral colors can also be mixed by other means.

Project 2 – Progression


step 1 – Make the newspaper a round

Step 2 – Roll the wire on the paper that has been formed to get the shape of the pumpkin


step 3 – Make and place a pumpkin stalk on a newspaper that has been created using wire.

Step 4 – Mix the water together with glue PVA, then insert the tissue so that the tissue absorbs the glue mixture and place and flatten it around the surface of the pumpkin

Step 5 – Leave the pumpkin in the hot area to dry the tissue.


Step 6 – After the pumpkin dry, layer the pumpkin using emulsion


Step 7 – After dry emulsion,  using acrylic color as red and yellow mixture to get a pumpkin color.

Step 8 – Make the outline of the wire using the wire, then wrap the wire using aluminum foil to get the leaf shape and then put at pumpkin stalks.


Final result ( PUMPKIN)

Project2 – Preparation (sculpture)

Sculpture Inspired Artists ( western artists)




One of the first modern artists to apply the theory of contemporary to sculpture,

Tom work with greenwood, specifically willow to create large woven sculpture to commission. He always loved vessels so it seemed natural to progress from throwing pots (an early creative endeavour) to building baskets through to making baskets to hold people this then became the foundation for the sculptural techniques he using and developing today.Tom was first introduced to willow on a weekend course when  imagination was captured by the endless possibilities of this truly amazing plant. Willow is the perfect example of a sustainable material, which can be woven into forms with such spontaneity. More recent commissions have been largely botanical, scaling and magnifying detail. The whole process of producing willow sculpture is very grounding. The connection with nature, through coppicing and transferring observations into design, can be a humbling experience, and a physical one too. The willow has its own character with evocative qualities. Through time an understanding of this develops, which together with a bundle of patience, are all woven into the final creation.

SOURCE : http://tomharewillowman.blogspot.my/



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international decorative for garden with hare willow sculpture, its amazing ideas to decorate  garden by hare willow sculpture and tom hare willow sculpture, tom hare seat willow sculpture

Hare willow sculpture for decorative garden ideas – Hare willow sculpture for decorative garden ideas – Hare willow sculpture for decorative garden ideas.


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